United Church of Canada Archives

Conservation / Preservation:


The United Church of Canada Archives includes the General Council Archives and the Central Ontario Conferences Archives serving Bay of Quinte, Hamilton, London, Manitou and Toronto Conferences. Material types within our collection include textual records, photographs, audiovisual and architectural records.

The collections include the following:

  • General Council records, photographs and audiovisual records.
  • Records of antecedent denominations, including Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregationalist, and union, prior to establishment of the United Church in 1925.
  • Records created by individuals and organizations affiliated with the United Church of Canada, including those of former staff, including those operating overseas, and ecumenical and interchurch organizations.
  • Records of 15 Indian Residential Schools, operated, prior to 1925, by the Methodist and Presbyterian churches and afterword by the United Church of Canada, primarily in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.
  • Conference and presbytery records for Bay of Quinte, Hamilton, London, Manitou, and Toronto.
  • Microfilm collection including, baptismal, marriage, and burial records, including those of the Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregational and Evangelical United Brethren Churches, and, notably, the Wesleyan Methodist Baptismal Register for the period 1826-1910.


  • Presbyterian, Congregational and Evangelical United Brethren Churches, and, notably, the Wesleyan Methodist Baptismal Register for the period 1826-1910.

McMichael Canadian Art Collection


The McMichael’s permanent collection consists of almost 6,000 artworks by Tom Thomson, the Group of Seven, their contemporaries, and First Nations, Inuit and other artists who have made a contribution to Canada’s artistic heritage. Outdoor works of art, including those in the new Sculpture Garden, are also part of the collection.

Public Programming:


Exhibitions from the permanent collection, as well as major international touring exhibits.


McMichael Highlights Tours are at 12:30 p.m. and 2:00 p.m. on weekends and are approximately one hour long. The tours include Group of Seven, First Nations, and Inuit art, as well as special exhibitions.

Educational programming

Student groups can plan a visit for any day of the week, all year long. Gallery educators provide fun, quality tours for school groups of all ages, as well as hands-on studio classes and creative activities. Educational materials are available for classroom use.


A digitized guide to the collection is available on the website.


Each year, the gallery presents a variety of curators’ lectures, tours, musical performances, children’s camps, workshops, school programs, art classes for children, and hands-on art activities.

Museum of Inuit Art


Permanent Collection

Gallery I: Artistic History and Thematic Foundations of Inuit Art

The first gallery examines the evolution of art in Canada’s Arctic through the recognized historical periods; prehistoric Thule culture; post-European contact; and early modern Inuit art.

Gallery II: Diversity of Styles and Artistic Expression

The second gallery provides an overview of modern artistic styles and media that have evolved in Canada’s Arctic in the various regions and major communities, thus reflecting the scope and depth of artistic expression within Inuit art. The varied media employed in Inuit sculpture – stone, bone, antler, ivory and ceramic – are represented as prints, drawings and textiles.

Gallery III: Masterworks and Contemporary Sculpture

The principal feature of the third gallery is the presentation of major works by leading Inuit artists, including Pauta Saila, Judas Ullulaq, Barnabus Arnasungaaq, Oviloo Tunnillie, and Lucy Tasseor Tutsweetok.

Special Exhibitions

Gallery IV and V: Special Exhibitions and Audio-Visual Presentation Centre

The fourth and fifth galleries are devoted to rotating special exhibitions. The goal of these exhibiition is to focus more specifically on particular artists, communities, themes and media.

Native Canadian Centre of Toronto

Public Programming:


Great Indian Bus Tour- Three-hour tour of pre-contact and historical landmarks illustrating the Indigenous presence in Toronto


The Toronto Native Community History Project (TNCHP)- revolves around three key components: popular education, resource centre, and youth involvement, and manifests itself in a variety of events and projects that rotate year round at the center (e.g., Full Moon Ceremonies put on by Anishinaabe Women / Grandmothers)


Dodem Kanonhsa’ Open Teachings at the Elder’s Cultural Facility (located at 55 St. Clair Avenue East)-The purpose of the Dodem Kanonhsa’ is to promote sharing and understanding of Aboriginal culture and its philosophies.

The Dodem Kanonhsa’ is open to both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people with the hope that it will benefit intercultural relations, cross-cultural communication and understanding. The lodge allows for continuing the tradition, started by grandmothers and grandfathers, of oral teachings. Visiting elders and teachers are available throughout

Virtual Museum of Canada


Online Exhibitions

Virtual exhibits and interactive learning resources on numerous subjects, created by Canadian museums and galleries. Local history exhibits that capture Canadian community memories, drawn from the collections of small museums and local memories and treasures are also available.  Organized by museum, name or subject, the themes of Aboriginal Art, Culture and Tradition, Arts in Canada, Canada at War, Canadian Musical Traditions, Canadian Women, Science and Medicine and Vancouver 2010 make up the bulk of the collection.

Image Gallery

Showcases thousands of artefacts, photos, paintings and objects from Canadian museums. Amongst others, it contains the works of the Group of Seven, Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Emily Carr, and many other artists. 

Bata Shoe Museum


Digital Archive

Highlights from past exhibits, both Main and ‘Snapshot’, featuring digital photographs and historical contextualization for the artefacts.

Public Programming:


Main Exhibits:

One semi-permanent and three changing exhibitions in specially-designed galleries.

Past exhibits include:
The Roaring Twenties: Heels, Hemlines and High Spirits, Art in Shoes, Shoes in Beauty, Identity, Pride, Native North American Footwear, All About Shoes: Footwear Through the Ages.

Snapshot Exhibits:

Occasional small-scale themed displays, on view for one or more weeks, consisting of three to ten display cases, which are usually in the lobby and/or lower (B1) level.

Past exhibits include The New Woman 1890’s – 1910’s: These Boots Were Made For Walking, Pitter Patter: Little Feet and the Influence of Adult Styles.

Online exhibitions

All About Shoes:

This online exhibition features stories and artifacts, based on the Museum’s existing collection, that focus on the footwear traditions of Aboriginal groups and Canada’s multicultural communities.

On Canadian Ground: Stories of Footwear in Early Canada:

Hosted by the Virtual Museum of Canada, this bilingual exhibition website allows visitors to listen to audio clips, explore artifacts and learn about the various methods of footwear production used by skilled aboriginal and immigrant peoples.

On Canadian Ground features the largest display of three-dimensional photography in an online exhibition to date. For the first time ever, visitors can ‘handle’ artifacts from the collection online.


Group and School tours daily, focusing on main exhibits as well as highlighting the architecture of the museum building

Special Events

A variety of special tours and events.

Past special events include films and lecture series pertaining to non-permanent exhibits, and hands-on demonstrations with artefacts.

Archives of Ontario



Ontario Government Records:

The majority of the records in the collections of the Archives were created by the government of Ontario and its predecessors in the fulfillment of its legal and administrative functions. These records date from the late eighteenth century to the present day concerning:

  • Political and legal decisions.
  • The evolution of provincial administration.
  • The interaction between the government and its citizens.
  • The rights and responsibilities of Ontarians.

Private Sector Records:

Since 1903, the Archives of Ontario has been acquiring records from the private sector. The Archives holds the records of over 2600 private individuals, businesses, clubs and associations, labour and political organizations. These collections can range in size from one or two items to thousands of items that occupy hundreds of metres of shelf space.

These records include:

  • Paper files, diaries and photographs.
  • Maps and architectural records.
  • Sound recordings and moving images.

Genealogical Records:

The Archives of Ontario holds many important sources for researching family history in Ontario. There is no single finding aid or database for this type of research.

Vital Statistics:

Historical registrations of births, marriages and deaths. No database yet exists that allows you to search these records by name. Rather, these records must be searched using microfilm.

Records Relating to Aboriginal Peoples:

The Archives of Ontario has a substantial number of records relating to aboriginal history, very widely scattered through the Archives’ total holdings. Dating from the 1760s, most focus on what is now Ontario. However, a reasonable number — for example, fur trade and missionary papers — refer to Aboriginal people of Quebec, other parts of Canada, and the United States


The J. J. Talman Library at the Archives of Ontario is a research and reference collection for the general public and the staff of the Archives. Most of the Library collections relate to the social, political, economic, cultural and military history of the Province of Ontario.

There are approximately 75,000 pieces including:

  • Books, pamphlets and Ontario Government publications.
  • Periodicals, microfilm, microfiche and other printed and published items.

Special Collections


The Archives of Ontario’s photographic collection consists of approximately 1.7 million images documenting activities, people, places and events in Ontario from the mid-1800s to the present.

These images come in many formats including: colour and black and white prints, daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, tintypes, slides, and glass plate negatives.

The Archives photographic holdings include images from many private sources such as: photojournalists, studio photographers, amateur photographers, and corporate collections.

The Archives’ photographic holdings also include images created by many Ontario government ministries and agencies to document programs and activities.

Photographs are accessed through the Reading Room.

Online Photographic Database:

A selection of images drawn from the holdings of the Archives of Ontario which document the province’s history and landscape. Images are continually being added to the database.

Cartographic Records:

The Cartographic Records Collection of the Archives of Ontario contains over 40,000 maps, plans, hydrographic charts, atlases, bird’s eye views, and other cartographic materials relating to the Province of Ontario. Many of these maps are in manuscript form and thus are unique items.

The Archives has significant collections of private cartographic records including those produced by or for: Lieutenant Governor Simcoe, Thomas Talbot, the Canada Company, and David Thompson.

The foundation of the collection consists of maps produced by and for the Government of Ontario, most notably the Ministry of Natural Resources and its predecessors. Maps in the collection span the period from the early eighteenth century, when Ontario was still part of New France, to the present.

The collection contains maps and plans documenting many aspects of the province’s history and development including:

  • Exploration maps, settlement maps and township and town surveys.
  • Road maps, fishing maps and boundary maps.
  • Electoral plans, fire insurance plans, and maps showing the location and distribution of various natural resources.

Architectural Records:

An extensive architectural records collection of approximately 200,000 drawings and other items, dating from the early 1820s to the 1990s. These records document Ontario’s built environment and heritage.

The collection consists of architectural materials created or accumulated for government purposes. An example would be the records of the Public Works Department, which was responsible for the construction of prisons, hospitals, special schools, and other facilities.

The Archives also holds architectural records created by individual architects or private sector firms. The scope of these records ranges from houses to factories to skyscrapers.

Documentary Art:

The Archives of Ontario holds a collection of approximately 4000 documentary art records that document the people, places and events in Ontario from the 1790s until the 1900s.

The collection contains paintings, drawings, and prints by both amateur and professional artists, such as: Caroline Armington, William Armstrong, Thomas Burrowes, Anne Langton, C. W. Jefferys, Stewart C. Shaw, Elizabeth Simcoe, Fred Brygden, Robert Sproule, Owen Staples, and Dorothy Stevens.

It covers a wide range of subjects such as views of small towns, famous and infamous people, and historical events.

Public Programming:


Several exhibitions that highlight the collections. The most recent online exhibits can be accessed directly from the website.

Royal Ontario Museum

Conservation / Preservation:


This museum houses more than 6 million artefacts and other objects documenting natural and human history from prehistoric times to the present.

Public Programming:


The ROM offers a variety of changing and permanent exhibits. Explore an array of themed galleries throughout the museum, spanning the themes of world cultures, medieval history, Aboriginal history, natural history, Canadian history, science and technology, archaeology, and military history.


This museum offers many tours catering to a variety of age groups and educational level.


Online Virtual Exhibits including The Burgess Shale and Tuugaaq – Ivory.


Lectures, courses, Trips/walks, traveling educational kits, online activities, family programming, school visits.

Rouge Park


Artefacts / Archeology

Bead Hill, an archaeological site with the remains of a 17th century Seneca Village on the Lower Rouge River, is a National Historic Site designated by the Historical Sites and Monuments Board of Canada in 1991. The site is a sensitive archaeological area and is not open to the public at this time.